General Justification of The Project
Written by Jaya martha
A great change within the society has always affected the concept of quality education to a great extent. This is just what globalization has been doing to us today. Globalization has brought changes that have affected all aspects of our lives. It has changed the tasks of the main players in the education system as well as promoted development of science and technology. Rapid development in science and technology has affected the society and economy in such a way that the quality of human resources becomes crucial and more important than any other resources. Within this context, quality education is referred to as one that can provide people with the ability to live together, to share values with others, and to interact wisely with their environment. Furthermore, to help people cope with the fast growing opportunities and challenges that come along with such situation, higher education as an agent of change is expected to be able to play its important role as a quality education provider.
It is a challenge for higher education to demonstrate its capability to provide quality education. Its graduates should consist of people who are able to and willing to compete and, at the same time, collaborate with others, be productive in economic sense, and cope with changes. For this purpose, a higher education institution needs to be able to create relevant and qualified programs and make the best use of its available resources to support the programs. Considering that such programs are increasingly costly, the institution needs also to be able to create sources of funding for the programs and effectively manage all available funding to ensure sustainability of the programs.
As an entrepreneurial university, UNJ needs to address the aforementioned significant issues and concerns as relevant factors for strengthening its role and function at national and international context. Therefore, UNJ is fully committed to empowering its all aspects of institutional development so that it can significantly contribute to the development and prosperity of not only the people of the province of DKI Jakarta but also the people of Indonesia in general. At the same time, UNJ feels the need to able to assume a significant role in the global arena.
Realization of this project will allow great support for UNJ to function according to the status and role assigned to it. It will be able to fulfill the increasing needs of Indonesian society for quality education services and to promote greater and equal access to higher education for society. It will also enable UNJ to better demonstrate its capacity as a prominent Teacher Education Institutions in Indonesia. Eventually, the project will make it possible for UNJ to accomplish its vision and mission, as it will help UNJ build the capacity to cope with the extremely rapid changes of demands.
Institutional development to be facilitated by the project will provide UNJ with better facilities and chances for improving quality of its resources. With such resources and facilities in hand, it will be possible for UNJ to offer better academic programs and admit more students to be given quality educational experiences that will develop them to become professional manpower who are competitive in the global job market.
Education is perceived as an instrument of long-term investment for human resource development in all countries. The fact that Indonesia has very low human development index compared to other developing countries is unfavorable. The impact of the last economic crisis has made the situation worse. Being fully aware of its role and function as an agent of development, UNJ is challenged to assist the government in its attempt for a reversed condition within its core competency in the education sector. It is important to be noted that Education for all and all for education is the main spirit of UNJ academic society members.
It is UNJ major mission to prepare educational human resources to meet the needs of our educational system as well as to develop pedagogical and educational sciences. This is due to the belief it strongly holds that the key to quality education is qualified educational workforce, including teachers. UNJ, as a teacher education provider, has been struggling for teacher profession in this country to have better position and be highly appreciated by the society. It is a prestigious obligation for UNJ to produce qualified teachers so that they will have better bargaining position in the society. We strongly believe that qualified teacher is a key factor of success in improving quality of education in this country. UNJ intensively encourages both the Government and the House of Representatives to take into account the Indonesian teachers’ welfare issue. The University believes that by providing appropriate welfare, the teachers will maximize their capabilities and competencies for improving quality of education. Hence, the proposed project is expected to function as a trigger for the University to keep on producing professional teachers and other educational professions needed by the society.
Social and Economic Benefits
Benefits to be obtained from the proposed project include social life improvement resulted from the various skills training and education that gives better human resources. Education is expected to initiate as well as to adapt and respond to changes in the society context. The more rapid and radical these changes, the greater the adaptive demands on education are. Bridging the gap between changes in the social, political, economic, technological and other aspects of a society system and the adaptation of education to these changes necessitates appropriate and timely responses in the education system. Changes in the educational system will, in turn, create new demands on and expectations of the stakeholders.
We are living in a global village where tight competition is a natural condition. From economic standpoint, we are entering the free trade era i.e. AFTA, APEC, and GATT. It is the time when movement of manpower across affected countries becomes common phenomena due to absence of particular economic bans and practices that can protect particular commodity items including services. It is then the time when higher educations graduates are greatly expected to demonstrate their competitiveness against not only national but also international competitors in their respective fields.
We are also living in an information-based community era. An era in which utilization of information technology helps the industry, including higher education, overcome problems related to time, space, and cost. Development in information technology should be translated as an opportunity for higher education to set up a strategy to cope with global competition. The utilization of this technology should be integrated, well planned and accelerated in its process.
Meanwhile, in a national context, the Government of Indonesia issued decentralization policy in 2001. The policy will bring up new opportunities and challenges for higher education to meet within the country. The application of such policy requires the provincial governments to have qualified human resources who are able to manipulate appropriate technology that can eventually stimulate economic growth of the respective province. Obviously, it is the task of local higher education institutions to develop both the human resources and technology in need.
Progress of “Internationalization”, advancement of science and technology, development of an information-oriented society, and changes in the industrial structure and the government policy, they all lead to social and economic changes that higher education has to deal with. With regards to its strong commitment for taking part in Indonesian social and economic development, support of the proposed project will help UNJ strengthen and recharge its capacity to be able to:
- Play an important role in the general social objective of achieving greater equity of learning opportunity;
- Be a qualified provider for professional teacher certification.
- Provide various education programs to suit the great diversity of individual qualifications, motivations, expectations, and career aspirations;
- Facilitate the lifelong learning process for all people of Indonesia;
- Offer its contribution for solution to major problems, especially in education, faced by the university surrounding community and by the society at large;
- Participate directly in the process of social change;
- Produce various high quality research outputs required to support national education development, improve quality of human resources, as well as national economic development;
- Produce various innovative programs for the benefits of education, the nation and the global society;
- Manage various educational programs and activities of international level to promote UNJ's participation in the global arena.
Promotion of Lifelong Learning
Among the significant problems faced by our society today are challenges for creating genuine learning communities, encouraging lifelong learning, finding effective ways to overcome barriers, and building greater social and human capital in our communities. Higher education institutions are well placed to work with communities to face these issues. They have traditionally been the knowledge store and center of learning, making them potentially powerful engines of change. They are the creators, reposition makers and disseminators of knowledge and insights. These institutions are also powerful economic drivers: applied technology centers, investors, developers and reservoirs of skillful professionals.
With regards to creating genuine learning communities and encouraging lifelong learning, individuals from different backgrounds can make benefits of what UNJ is currently offering. High school graduates from different streams — general and vocational — can enter any of the offered programs such as the two-year and three-year diploma or the undergraduate one. Graduates from any undergraduate programs can continue their study to S2 and S3 programs of the same or similar fields of study. Some of the academic programs are currently offering courses for international students.
Increasing demand for places in UNJ enforces the university to widen its capacity for student enrollment. The University has to accommodate a greater demand from the society regarding to the new specialized competences and skills of graduates as required by the Industry through developing new academic programs. Consequently, such demands drive the university to providing more additional spaces and learning facilities to house new prospective students. Since the proper academic facilities are part of hidden curriculum, the existing and new prospective student will have benefits from the development and upgrading UNJ campus. The proposed project could also amplify the atmosphere and the relevance of academic programs, increase internal efficiency and sustainability which in turn boost the quality of educational services delivered by UNJ.
The other beneficiaries of the proposed project can be judged in several ways. Teacher at primary and secondary schools, especially in DKI Jakarta and surrounding areas such as Banten, Depok, Bekasi, and Bogor could take benefits of accessing all academic resources and programs that UNJ offers, which include expertise in different fields of study and different kinds of short courses, workshops and in-service training programs. The Government offices have brought different joint seminars and joint projects with UNJ in different areas of educational planning, educational implementation, educational research and community services at the national and provincial levels.